Call for Abstract

International Conference on Environmental Microbial Biofilms and Human Microbiomes, will be organized around the theme “Recent approaches and Innovations in the Microbial Biofilms and Microbiomes”

Human Microbiomes 2019 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Human Microbiomes 2019

Submit your abstract to any of the mentioned tracks.

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Biofilms are now believed to be the primary mode Biofilms are now believed to be the primary mode of existence for bacteria in aqueous environments. The establishment maintenance and existence of biofilm communities are highly complex, socially organized processes. Biofilm formation begins with a transition of environmental microbes. Bacteria in fluid contact the substrate via mass transport mechanisms. Steps are Conditioning, Contact film, Absorption, Growth, Production of extra-cellular products, Attachment and Coaggregation.

 

  • Track 1-1Cell-cell signalling
  • Track 1-2Bacterial Biofilm
  • Track 1-3Quorum Sensing
  • Track 1-4Biofilms and Antibiotic Resistance
  • Track 1-5Human intervention
  • Track 1-6Biofilm Phenotype

Microbial biofilm is a functional consortium of microorganisms attached to a surface and is embedded in the extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) produced by the microorganisms. Genomics of microbial biofilm can be done in many ways: Nanoscale imaging-Electron microscopy, confocal laser scanning microscopy, Epifluorescence microscopy, Atomic force microscopy. Nanoscale analysis- Raman spectroscopy, Mass spectroscopy. Molecular techniques-Microarray analysis, Whole genome sequencing, Fluorescent labeling techniques, Microbial physiology and metabolism, Microbial genetics are the techniques.

 

  • Track 2-1Oil industries
  • Track 2-2Food processing
  • Track 2-3Medical Implants
  • Track 2-4Ship Hulls- Environment friendly
  • Track 2-5Petroleum Refinery

Microbes are everywhere in the biosphere, and their presence invariably affects the environment that they are growing in. The effects of microorganisms on their environment can be beneficial or harmful or in apparent with regard to human measure or observation. The beneficial effects of microbes derive from their metabolic activities in the environment, their associations with plants and animals, and from their use in food production and biotechnological processes. Also microorganisms attach to surfaces and develop biofilms. Biofilm-associated cells can be differentiated from their suspended counterparts by generation of an extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) matrix, reduced growth rates, and also the up- and down- regulation of specific genes.

 

  • Track 3-1Environmental Diversity of Microbes
  • Track 3-2Biodeterioration
  • Track 3-3Biodegradation
  • Track 3-4Oxygenic photosynthesis
  • Track 3-5Associations with Animals and Plants
  • Track 3-6Beneficial Effects of Microorganisms

Geomicrobiology has become an important learning tool that integrates geology and microbiology, and environmental sciences from diverse institutions worldwide. Geomicrobiology and Microbial Geochemistry (GMG) investigate the interaction between Earth and environmental systems and microbial life. Geobiochemistry turns this perspective toward establishing the role of geology in the development of organismal biochemical. The GMG field owes much to the early work of environmental microbiologists and geochemists. It shows impact of microbes on subsurface environments in terrestrial systems or sediments. The role of microbes can vary from merely providing passive surfaces for mineral formation to active control of the entire precipitation process. Iron minerals can be formed by chemolithoautotrophic bacteria, which gain a small amount of energy from Fe (II) oxidation. This method has many related advantages in the field of Microbiology.

 

  • Track 4-1Rocks and minerals
  • Track 4-2Environmental remediation
  • Track 4-3Microbial biodegradation
  • Track 4-4Astrobiology
  • Track 4-5Bacterial oxidation
  • Track 4-6Biogeochemistry

Microbial ecology is the ecology of microorganisms: their relationship with one another and with their environment. Microorganisms, by their omnipresence, impact the entire biosphere. Microbial life plays a primary role in regulating biogeochemical systems in virtually all of our planet's environments. It is dedicated international forum for the presentation of high-quality scientific investigations of how microorganisms interact with their environment, with each other and with their hosts. Aside from carbon fixation, microorganisms' key collective metabolic processes (including nitrogen fixation, methane metabolism, and sulfur metabolism) control global biogeochemical cycling. The immensity of microorganisms' production is such that, even in the total absence of eukaryotic life, these processes would likely continue unchanged.

 

  • Track 5-1Types of microbial ecology
  • Track 5-2Importance of microbial ecology
  • Track 5-3Organization of microbial community
  • Track 5-4Fundamentals and applications
  • Track 5-5Microbial resource management
  • Track 5-6Global Ecology

Aggregate of microorganisms in which cells that are frequently embedded within a self-produced matrix of extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) adhere to each other and/or to a surface. A biofilm is a system that can be adapted internally to environmental conditions by its inhabitants. The self-produced matrix of extracellular polymeric substance, which is also referred to as slime, is a polymeric conglomeration generally composed of extracellular biopolymers in various structural forms.

 

  • Track 6-1Extracellular polymeric substances
  • Track 6-2Endocellular polymeric substances
  • Track 6-3Biofilms in medicine
  • Track 6-4Biofilms in industries
  • Track 6-5Role of microbes in fuel production

Microbial interactions are diverse ubiquitous and very important in the function of any biological community. Pathogenesis is the disease causing agents like virus, bacteria, and fungi. Microbial Interactions is defined as how microbes or viruses sustain themselves within host organisms on a molecular, cellular, organismal or population level. Because of this, the definition has been expanded to how known pathogens survive within their host, whether they cause disease or not. On the molecular and cellular level, microbes can infect the host and divide rapidly, causing disease by being there and causing a homeostatic imbalance in the body, or by secreting toxins which cause symptoms to appear. Viruses can also infect the host with virulent DNA, which can affect normal cell processes (transcription, translation, etc.), protein folding, or evading the immune response.

 

  • Track 7-1Host-pathogen interaction
  • Track 7-2Microbial Biodegradation
  • Track 7-3Microbial Interactions with Environment
  • Track 7-4Microbial Ecology
  • Track 7-5Applied and Environmental Microbiology
  • Track 7-6Soil microbiology

The human organism is a complex structure composed of cells belonging to all three domains of life on Earth, Eukarya, Bacteria and Archaea, as well as their viruses. Bacterial cells of more than a thousand taxonomic units are condensed in a particular functional collective domain, the intestinal Microbiomes. The therapeutics of microbiome‐induced pathology include microbiota transplantation, a technique increasingly available microbiome can be regarded as a human organ from the physiological standpoint Perhaps we can envisage ‘microbiology’ as a future specialty. The therapy of microbiome diseases will be part of future interventions based on eco‐evo drugs and strategies. Addressing microbiome restoration by transplantation is crucial to advance in the curing of microbiome diseases. A more advanced field of research in the therapy of microbiome diseases will be the discovery of drugs acting on host–microbiome and intra‐microbiome signals and interactions.

 

  • Track 8-1Microbiomolgy
  • Track 8-2Physiology
  • Track 8-3Pathology diagnosis
  • Track 8-4Pathology diagnosis
  • Track 8-5Metagenomic DNA
  • Track 8-6Microbiota transplantation

The gut microbiome is immensely diverse, varies between individuals and can fluctuate over time — especially during disease and early development. Viewing the microbiota from an ecological perspective could provide insight into how to promote health by targeting this microbial community in clinical treatments. It plays a key role in digestion, metabolism and immune function, and has a widespread impact beyond the gastrointestinal tract. Changes in the biodiversity of the gut microbiota are associated with far-reaching consequences on host health and development. Trillions of microbes inhabit the human intestine, forming a complex ecological community that influences normal physiology and susceptibility to disease through its collective metabolic activities and host interactions.

 

  • Track 9-1Microbiota
  • Track 9-2Dietary interventions
  • Track 9-3Gastro Intestinal Tract [GIT]
  • Track 9-4Metabolic disorders
  • Track 9-5Gut Microbiota transplantations

The collection of microbes living in and on our body - have a significant impact on human health and well-being. They have been associated with numerous diseases, yet we have barely understood their role in the context of life-style and microbial genetics. Various initiatives are underway around the world to survey the human microbiota at several body sites, characterise them, understand their interactions with the human hosts, elucidate their role in diseases, and design possible therapeutic or dietary interventions.

 

  • Track 10-1Infectious disease
  • Track 10-2Gastrointestinal malignancy
  • Track 10-3Metabolic disorder
  • Track 10-4Modulation of Microbiota

The skin is a complex barrier organ made of a symbiotic relationship between microbial communities and host tissue via complex signals provided by the innate and the adaptive immune systems.  It is constantly exposed to various endogenous and exogenous factors which impact this balanced system potentially leading to inflammatory skin conditions comprising infections, allergies or autoimmune diseases. The skin barrier and the microbiota act like a shield that protects the body against external aggressions. There is a balanced interplay between the host and resident and/or transient bacterial populations. This balance is continuously affected by intrinsic (host) and extrinsic (environmental) factors that alter the composition of skin microorganism communities and the host skin barrier function. Altering this equilibrium is called dysbiosis. Therefore, improving the knowledge about the skin microbiome may open new perspectives in the management of the healthy and diseased skin and of its microbiome.

 

  • Track 11-1 Cutaneous microbiota
  • Track 11-2Microbiotic diversity
  • Track 11-3Metagenome
  • Track 11-4Dysbiosis of the microbiota
  • Track 11-5Sampling methods

The ability of specific microorganisms to produce specialized enzymes and proteins has been exploited for many purposes in industry. Industrial microorganisms are used to produce many things, including food, alcoholic beverages, cosmetics, photography, pharmaceuticals and construction materials. The use of microbes in the various processes of industry- textiles, food and beverage, leather, dairy and the like are a vital part in Industrial Microbiology. These bacteria and other eukaryotic microorganisms play a very crucial and outstanding role as biotechnological reactors in many processes- for instance, protein, food and beverage production. The products that are obtained by these processes are of high economic importance and these processes also include fermentation processes and are mostly the intracellular or extra cellular enzymes, microbial biomass and microbial cells or the chemicals produced by microbes.

 

  • Track 12-1Synthesis of Biopolymers
  • Track 12-2Use of Bio-plastics
  • Track 12-3Medical Applications such as Tissue Engineering and Drug Delivery
  • Track 12-4Drug Bioconversions
  • Track 12-5Biofuel Production
  • Track 12-6Microbial Interactions within different Food Microbial Community
  • Track 12-7Microbes in Mineral and Energy Related Industries

The bacteria, fungi, and viruses that colonize these environments help shape the human microbiome, and can fundamentally alter the trajectory of our health. Designing our buildings and city spaces with the microbiome in mind may help to improve energy efficiency, health, sustainability, and consequently, worker performance and economic productivity. By mapping the microbiome of our built environments we may track biothreats and diseases, develop sophisticated early warning systems, and understand how a changing climate and increasing population density will shape this world.

 

  • Track 13-1Fetal Microbiome
  • Track 13-2Role of the Microbiome in human
  • Track 13-3Pediatric Microbiome
  • Track 13-4Impact of Microbiome on Human Health

The distribution and function of microorganisms are of crucial importance for the flow of matter in the Earth's biogeochemical cycles. Effects of microbial communities on the carbon and nitrogen cycles are particularly important for producing climate gases such as CO2, CH4, or N2O. However, the biogeochemical cycles are reversely impacted by global climate change, for example by increasing temperature, increasing CO2 concentration, or changing soil humidity. Microbes are critical players in every geochemical cycle relevant to climate. The roles of microbiology on the advances in the healthcare industry, especially in pharmaceutical and medical industry have led to great discoveries, from vaccines to devices. Microbiological testing is a key aspect of cosmetic product safety. The growth of cosmetic industries also paralleled microbiological innovations, which in fact, paved the way to the study of cosmetic microbiology.

 

  • Track 14-1Biogeochemical cycles
  • Track 14-2Microbes as climate engineers
  • Track 14-3Subsurface Biogeochemistry
  • Track 14-4Production of Vaccines by Beneficial Microorganisms
  • Track 14-5Antimicrobial activity

Human Microbiomes plays important role in the field of microbiology and also in environmental science. Biological interactions are the effects that the organisms in a community have on one another. There are completely different kinds of microbial interactions which in-corporates interaction with different microbes, Plant-Germ interactions promoting plant growth, interaction with animals, interaction with humans, and interaction with water, etc. The most common cooperative interactions seen in microbial systems are mutually beneficial. The interactions between the two populations are classified according to whether both populations and one of them benefit from the associationship, or one or both populations are negatively affected.

 

  • Track 15-1Principles of microbial interaction
  • Track 15-2Microbial Symbiosis
  • Track 15-3Interactions between diverse human Microbiome
  • Track 15-4Human Micro biota
  • Track 15-5Beneficial Host-Microbial Interactions

Aggregate of microorganisms in which cells that are frequently embedded within a self-produced matrix of extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) adhere to each other and/or to a surface. A biofilm is a system that can be adapted internally to environmental conditions by its inhabitants. The self-produced matrix of extracellular polymeric substance, which is also referred to as slime, is a polymeric conglomeration generally composed of extracellular biopolymers in various structural forms.

 

  • Track 16-1Biofilms in medicine
  • Track 16-2Biofilms in industries
  • Track 16-3Role of microbes in fuel production
  • Track 16-4Ecological biofilms
  • Track 16-5Biofilms in geology